When you become pregnant, ever body becomes expert and gives you advice on small steps such as wearing yoga pants or dying your hair or something else. They are just trying to be supportive, nothing else, but the fact is, 'most things you can do before you are pregnant can also be done when you are pregnant. However, when you are pregnant and breastfeeding, you should certainly step up or avoid some activities for your own and your child's safety. Here are the major five things a pregnant lady should not do.

1. Don't eat or drink these food items:

You shouldn't eat some foods when you're pregnant because they could hurt you or your baby. Be careful about the food you eat because certain foods are considered toxins during pregnancy. Freshly cooked or freshly made food is the best food to consume. Foods such as soft cheese, raw or undercooked egg or meat, sushi, unpasteurized milk, and so on, contain Listeria, a toxic bacterium responsible for miscarriage or illness in the baby. Also, avoid excessive intake of peanuts as it can be allergic to baby. Besides, packaged foods or too much sugary food can shoot up blood pressure or insulin, which will be detrimental for your well being.

Moreover, the risk of miscarriage, low birth weight, and difficult birth can increase by a high level of caffeine. Many foods, such as tea, coffee, chocolates, energy drinks, and soft drinks, contain caffeine. Also, some cold and flu medicines have caffeine. So, make sure you don't increase caffeine intake more than 300mg per day, as it could be risky for your unborn baby.

2. Avoid using hot tubs and saunas:
You can find it appropriate to relax in a hot tub or take saunas when you experience pain and discomfort during pregnancy. However, this could be risky because when you spend more time in hot tubs or saunas, your body temperature can increase over 101. This is especially risky during the first half of your pregnancy, as it increases the chances of miscarriage.

Thus, to your pain or to feel relax, pregnant ladies should take a warm tub and use hot and cold compresses instead of hot tubs or saunas.

3. Don't smoke or drink:
There is no lower limit for alcohol or tobacco consumption because a small amount could be dangerous for the baby. The risk for Sudden Infant Death Syndrome increases due to prenatal exposure to smoking and alcohol. When the mother drinks alcohol, it crosses the placenta and reaches the growing fetus. Since a developing baby's body breaks alcohol much slower than an adult, fetal blood alcohol can increase much more than his mother's level and remain longer than his mother's. This leads to damage that can be long-term and severe, from mental delay to heart damage.

The same way, smoking is hugely detrimental to you and your baby. Nicotine, carbon monoxide, and many other cigarette-inhaled poisons pass through your bloodstream and go directly to your baby. Even passive smoking during pregnancy can lead to a miscarriage of low birth weight, early birth, or behavioral problems when your baby grows. The reason for this is the second-hand smoke is the combination of cigarette smoke with smoke excreted by smokers. The cigarette smoke typically contains more toxic substances (tar, carbon monoxide, nicotine, etc.) than the smoker inhaled smoke. This is why second-hand smoke is more dangerous.

4. Don't clean cat litters:
During pregnancy, if you clean kitty's litter, chances of toxoplasmosis increase because cat litter/poop has parasites responsible for such infection. The T. Gondii parasite can reach to your fetus and cause complications, including mental retardation, blindness, and epilepsy. Albeit very rare, the infection will transfer to, and affect the unborn child even if you come in contact with cat feces a few months before you get pregnant. So, be careful when you are pregnant or planning for pregnancy.

Wear gloves, masks and wash your hands thoroughly afterward if you have to change kitty's litter.

5. Avoid paints and hair dye:
The danger of fumes from modern household paints or hair dyes that hurt your baby is small, but you cannot know how little the risk is. Because the substances and chemicals that your body absorbs during activities like painting or hair dying are very difficult to measure. Chemicals in hair dye are minimal nowadays; however, it depends on company to company; thus, it is better to avoid hair colors during pregnancy.

Home renovation will increase the lead. Also, lead-based paints can spread lead pollution in the air and in the house, which can be harmful to the baby. When your baby organ starts to grow, any slight risk to the baby is the highest in your first half. At this point, harmful smoke or chemicals could more seriously affect your kid. As a precaution, painting and decoration should be avoided until the 14th week of your pregnancy.

To sum up…

Other than the things mentioned above, during pregnancy, one should maintain good oral hygiene, stay hydrated, take plenty of fluid, eat fresh foods only, and not take undue stress, stay happy, and sleep well. Maintaining your health is the best gift a mother can give to a child.

Pregnancy is the blessing with responsibility. You should take good care of yourself and your unborn baby by avoiding harmful foods and drinks, staying away from tobacco and alcohol, and keeping yourself away from the paint, hair dyes, cats, and saunas. Thus, these little precautions are needed during pregnancy.