Children are prone to getting frequent infectious and injury-related issues. But, some chronic diseases might have either hereditary or environmental roots. Asthma, cystic fibrosis, diabetes, cerebral palsy (CP), and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are all common chronic illnesses affecting children.
Children suffering from chronic health disorders may only be able to do certain limited activities, may experience chronic pain or discomfort, and exhibit abnormal growth and development. Also, they would require more frequent hospitalizations, doctor's visits, and other medical interventions than children without chronic ailments. Severe physical impairments include delayed language skills, hyperactivity, movement, etc. Often lead to children missing out on educational and social opportunities.
Children in different stages of development differ in reactions to chronic health conditions. Some chronic conditions in children manifest in infancy, affecting their development differently than in adolescence. The inability to attend school and interact socially with peers may impact children the most.
Growing up, children may struggle due to their incapacity to attain independence if they need support from parents and others for many of their everyday requirements. This demands parents promote self-reliance for children while they are near adolescence.
In this piece, we'll discuss some major chronic diseases children may face growing up.
Asthma is different from COPD which stands for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It is a group of lung illnesses that make breathing hard and limit airflow. Refractory (severe) asthma, emphysema, and chronic bronchitis are all disorders that fall into this category. Asthmatics seldom progress to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and vice versa.
One of the earlier research shows a link between family structure and asthma incidence, which found that children with asthma were more likely to live in a single-parent home compared to children without chronic diseases. Parents believe asthma affects the "physical" parts of health-related quality of life (HRQOL), such as the physical summary scale, physical functioning, and body discomfort.
Asthma is a common chronic disease in children, and its symptoms may be severe enough to disrupt a child's everyday activities. Uncontrolled asthma in children may lead to fatal asthma episodes, requiring consistent medicines.
While childhood asthma and adult asthma are no different, children with asthma encounter certain special problems. This is a critical illness that will have parents visit ER frequently, longer stays in the hospital, and remain cut off from social life.
There is currently no treatment for chronic ailment like childhood asthma, and symptoms might persist until adulthood. However, you and your kid can keep symptoms at bay and avoid harm to developing lungs with the help of appropriate medication.
Obesity and diabetes
While it may not be one of the chronic ailments among children, obesity can lead to many other diseases. Adult and pediatric obesity pose serious health risks to the community. Overweight and obese children may remain overweight as adults, putting them at risk for various health problems. Keeping a healthy diet and regularly exercising are two of the best ways to avoid developing diabetes. Therefore, it is ideal to take obese children to the doctor regularly so that any signs of an illness can be identified and treated early, reducing the risk of complications.
A paediatrician will look at their growth chart, family history of obesity, and development before diagnosing. You may use this to see whether your kid's weight is healthy or dangerously high.
Another chronic disease in children is cystic fibrosis, where mucus-producing organs are affected gradually. Children and young adults face problems with their respiratory and digestive systems. Cystic fibrosis cannot be cured and requires symptoms-specific medicines. Genetic disorders, like cystic fibrosis, can be traced back to a faulty gene sequence. Children with cystic fibrosis may benefit from prenatal genetic testing.
The inability to make a bowel movement soon after birth may be the first indicator that a baby has cystic fibrosis (meconium). It happens when the meconium has thickened to the point that it blocks the intestines.
When a baby isn't eating or developing regularly, it might become apparent to parents. Lack of fat digestion will have the baby difficulty passing stools since they are large, smelly, and greasy.
There is a link between eczema and family dynamics as eczema negatively impacted both the "physical" and "psychosocial" dimensions of HRQOL.
The most common symptoms of eczema, such as itching and soreness, may discourage children from participating in physical activity and sports, which may account for this finding. The participants in this research hadlow levels of self-esteem.
The root cause of childhood eczema is still unknown, but the leakiness of the skin barrier has been linked to this condition. This may cause the skin to dry up, increasing its susceptibility to irritation and inflammation.
Children with a history of eczema, allergies, or asthma in the family are at a higher risk for having the condition themselves. Some gene mutations, including CARD11 and FLG, have also been linked to eczema.
Eczema-suffering children are more likely to be the target of remarks about their appearance, taunting, bullying, or even peer rejection, which may result in feelings of humiliation and a lack of confidence. It was found that there was a difference related to gender.
Migraine and severe headache
Many individuals experience their first migraine while in childhood. However, around 28% of teenagers suffer migraines, with onset typically occurring between 7 and 10 for boys and 10 to 13 for girls. Many people who suffer from migraines have a history of the condition in their family.
Severe headaches characterize migraines in a child who appears unwell and is often accompanied by photophobia and nausea. An ideal treatment for such a chronic ailment is getting sleep, taking over-the-counter medicines, and applying pain relief gels. Some patients' headaches evolve into chronic migraines during late childhood and adolescence. Identifying environmental triggers, administering effective pain relief, and using preventative medication should become part of the treatment process.
Around 10% of school-aged children suffer from pediatric migraine, a disabling illness. Migraines, like other pain problems, may cause disruptions in one's sleep, emotions, and ability to think clearly, impacting their ability to complete work at home and in the classroom.
Antiepileptics, antidepressants, antihistamines, antihypertensive drugs, and newer groups of pharmaceuticals are all used to prevent migraine episodes. However, there is a severe lack of controlled research on the juvenile population. The availability of drugs authorized by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for migraine patients depends on the results of further clinical trials.
Cerebral Palsy in Children
Infants and children affected by cerebral palsy often struggle to maintain motor control. This happens because of congenital disabilities or traumatic brain injuries due to cerebral palsy. As the most frequent disorder affects children's motor skills, it is a serious issue that can have social repercussions.
The symptoms of a chronic disease like cerebral palsy in children might vary widely. Mild cases of cerebral palsy may not prevent some children from learning to walk and run; they may do so at a later age than their typically developing peers. Still, others may need aids like walkers or leg braces to learn to walk while dealing with cerebral palsy. Some children with cerebral palsy have trouble eating and talking because of motor control issues.
Brain damage sustained at a young age may determine the specific kind of cerebral palsy a kid will experience. Communicating your child's diagnosis of cerebral palsy to healthcare providers, therapists, and educators is crucial. As a result, your kid can get the care they need.
While motor control is affected by cerebral palsy, it is different from cognitive impairment. A child's intelligence may shine through despite the challenges of living with cerebral palsy. Often, parents need to run frequent tests and consult the doctor. There may be some regular medicines that doctors will prescribe to manage symptoms of cerebral palsy better.
Autism spectrum disorder is prevalent in children and often occurs during their first three years. It can impact a child's nervous system, overall growth, and development, making it difficult for them to carry out everyday tasks.
Isolation is a common symptom of autism spectrum disorder in certain children. Autistic children are emotionally distant and do not understand how other kids feel. Normal behaviours may be part of a child's routine who has autism spectrum disorder.
They may also have trouble expressing themselves and often get irritated and angry if things don't turn out how they want. They won't start talking as soon as other kids do, and as they grow, they may avoid looking into other people's eyes. In all, autism can affect self-esteem and may negatively affect the social life of young ones.
A youngster with ASD may struggle to learn how to interact with others. One reason for this is that a kid with ASD may struggle to read the emotions and expressions of others around them.
An autistic kid would experience the following —
● Refrain from physical contact
● Prefer to play alone
● Lack of motivation to make adjustments to daily habits
There is a lack of consensus between experts as to what triggers ASD. Often, genetic factors are responsible. Normal brain development depends on neurotransmitters and neuropeptides that play a significant role in children's memory, behavior, and motor activities. It also affects the proliferation, differentiation, synaptogenesis, apoptosis, and pruning of neurons. As a result, doctors can diagnose autism by problems with the neurotransmitter system that disrupt normal brain development.
There are a few problems with the idea that children are getting too many vaccinations too young. Such immunizations either overload an immature immune system or cause a pathologic, autism-inducing autoimmune reaction.
But, that is not the case since vaccination does not weaken immune systems. Although a child’s immunity is still developing, it has the potential to mount a wide variety of protective responses right away.
The immune system does not deteriorate by receiving several vaccines early on. Vaccinated or unvaccinated, a child remains susceptible to ASD.
Treatments for autism vary depending on the individual and may include speech and behavioral treatments and medicines for underlying medical issues. It is possible to buy generic medicines for autism symptoms and prevent the worsening of symptoms.
Your child's condition and requirements will determine which therapies are most effective for them, but ultimately, everyone wants to help your kid feel better and help them grow and learn.
Here are some of the key reasons why children may have ASD—
● Getting affected by environmental contaminants either before or after birth.
● Conditions (or infections) that attack the nervous system can be fatal, like meningitis and encephalitis.
● Obstetric complications.
● Prenatal infections.
Prevalent chronic conditions during childhood can impact the HRQOL of school-aged children, parents, and families. However, more information is needed about the detailed profiles of the burden of the most common chronic conditions on HRQOL in school-aged children, particularly at a large population level.
Chronic conditions have long-lasting effects on children, the adults they become, their families and the next generation. Administrative data can also directly inform clinical practice by identifying variations in past healthcare histories and child outcomes, the effectiveness of interventions or changes in practices, or by linkage to clinical trials to enable long-term follow-up.
Parents of such children should be looking for cost-effective and valuable medical services. While doctor visits, surgeries, and some tests are unavoidable, managing costs gets difficult.
But, what can be controlled is the medical costs. Instead of going with branded medicines, generic drugs are a better option. A study suggested savings of $338 billion using generics and biosimilars in the United States in 2020.
How can Medkart help?
Medkart adopts a “walk-in and asks for a generic medicine” policy. You can bring branded drug prescriptions, and our pharmacists will look for generic alternatives.
Medkart is digitally omnipresent, enabling you to buy generic drugs onlinethrough the website,Medkart android app or Medkart iOS app. We aim to provide generic alternatives of branded drugs to treat chronic ailments in your children and bring down medical expenses.
When buying medicines regularly for chronic illness, you are bound to incur many expenses. Cut it down to 60%-90% by using generic alternatives.
For self-service, you can download the, upload the prescription, search for generics, and order them through such applications.